February 27, 2003


RULE 55. The Umpire must call "Play," promptly at the hour designated by
the Home Club, and on the call of "Play" the game must immediately begin.
When he calls "Time," play shall be suspended until he calls "Play" again,
and during the interim no player shall be put out, base be run, or run be
scored. The Umpire shall suspend play only for an accident to himself or a
player (but in case of accident to a Fielder, "Time" shall not be called
until the ball be returned to, and held by the Pitcher, standing in his
position), or in case rain falls so heavily that the spectators are
compelled, by the severity of the storm, to seek shelter, in which case he
shall note the time of suspension, and should such rain continue to fall
thirty minutes thereafter, he shall terminate the game; or to enforce
order in case of annoyance from spectators.

RULE 56. The Umpire is only allowed, by the Rules, to call "Time" in case
of an accident to himself or a player, a "Block," as referred to in Rule
35, Sec. 3, or in case of rain, as defined by the Rules. The practice of
players suspending the game to discuss or contest a discussion with the
Umpire, is a gross violation of the Rules, and the Umpire must promptly
fine any player who interrupts the game in this manner.


RULE 57. The Umpire is empowered to inflict fines of not less than $5.00
nor more than $25.00 for the first offence on players during the progress
of a game, as follows:

SEC 1. For indecent or improper language addressed to the audience, the
Umpire or any player.

SEC. 2. For the Captain or Coacher willfully failing to remain within the
legal bounds of his position, except upon an appeal by the Captain from
the Umpire's decision upon a misinterpretation of the rules.

SEC. 3. For the disobedience by a player of any other of his orders, or
for any other violation of these Rules.

SEC. 4. In case the Umpire imposes a fine on a player, he shall at once
notify the Captain of the offending player's side, and shall transmit a
written notice thereof to the President of the Association or League
within twenty-four hours thereafter, under the penalty of having said fine
taken from his own salary.

SEC. 5. A repetition of any of the above offences shall, at the
discretion of the Umpire, subject the offender either to a repetition of
the fine or to removal from the field and the immediate substitution of
another player then in uniform.


RULE 58. No Club shall allow open betting or pool selling upon its
grounds, nor in any building owned or occupied by it.

RULE 59. No person shall be allowed upon any part of the field during the
progress of the game, in addition to the players in uniform, the Manager
on each side and the Umpire; except such officers of the law as may be
present in uniform, and such officials of the Home Club as may be
necessary to preserve the peace.

RULE 60. No Umpire, Manager, Captain or Player shall address the audience
during the progress of a game, except in case of necessary explanation.

RULE 61. Every Club shall furnish sufficient police force upon its own
grounds to preserve order, and in the event of a crowd entering the field
during the progress of a game, and interfering with the play in any
manner, the Visiting Club may refuse to play further until the field be
cleared. If the ground be not cleared within fifteen minutes thereafter,
the Visiting Club may claim, and shall be entitled to, the game by a score
of nine runs to none (no matter what number of innings have been played).


RULE 62. "Play" is the order of the Umpire to begin the game or to resume
play after its suspension.

RULE 63. "Time" is the order of the Umpire to suspend play. Such
suspension must not extend beyond the day of the game.

RULE 64. "Game" is the announcement by the Umpire that the game is

RULE 65. "An Inning" is the term at bat of the nine players representing
a Club in a game, and is completed when three of such players have been
put out as provided in these Rules.

RULE 66. "A Time at Bat" is the term at bat of a Batsman. It begins when
he takes his position, and continues until he is put out or becomes a Base
Runner; except when, because of being hit by a pitched ball, or in case of
an illegal delivery by the Pitcher, as in Rule 44.

RULE 67. "Legal" or "Legally" signifies as required by these Rules.


RULE 68. In order to promote Uniformity in Scoring Championship Games,
the following instructions, suggestions and definitions are made for the
benefit of scorers, and they are required to make all scores in accordance


SEC. 1. The first item in the tabulated score, after the player's name
and position, shall be the number of times he has been at bat during the
game. The time or times where the player has been sent to base by being
hit by a pitched ball, by the pitcher's illegal delivery, or by a base on
balls shall not be included in this column.

SEC. 2. In the second column should be set down the runs made by each

SEC. 3. In the third column should be placed the first base hits made by
each player. A base hit should be scored in the following cases:

When the ball from the bat strikes the ground within the foul lines, and
out of reach of the fielders.

When a hit ball is partially or wholly stopped by a fielder in motion,
but such player cannot recover himself in time to handle the ball before
the striker reaches First Base.

When a hit ball is hit so sharply to an infielder that he cannot handle
it in time to put out the batsman. In case of doubt over this class of
hits, score a base hit, and exempt the fielder from the charge of an error.

When a ball is hit so slowly towards a fielder that he cannot handle it
in time to put out the batsman.

That in all cases where a base runner is retired by being hit by a batted
ball, the batsman should be credited with a base hit.

When a batted ball hits the person or clothing of the Umpire, as defined
in Rule 37.

SEC. 4. In the fourth column shall be placed Sacrifice Hits, which shall
be credited to the batsman, who when but one man is out advances a runner
a base on a fly to the outfield or a ground hit, which results in putting
out the batsman, or would so result if handled without error.


SEC. 5. The number of opponents put out by each player shall be set down
in the fifth column. Where a striker is given out by the Umpire for a foul
strike, or because he struck out of his turn, the put-out shall be scored
to the Catcher.

SEC. 6. The number of times the player assists shall be set down in the
sixth column. An assist should be given to each player who handles the
ball in assisting a run out or other play of the kind.

An assist should be given to a player who makes a play in time to put a
runner out, even if the player who should complete the play fails, through
no fault of the player assisting.

And generally an assist should be given to each player who handles the
ball from the time it leaves the bat until it reaches the player who makes
the put out, or in case of a thrown ball, to each player who throws or
handles it cleanly and in such a way that a put-out results, or would
result if no error were made by the receiver.


SEC. 7. An error shall be given in the seventh column for each misplay
which allows the striker or base runner to make one or more bases when
perfect play would have insured his being put out, except that "wild
pitches," "bases on balls," "bases on the batsman being struck by a
pitched ball," or case of illegal pitched ball, balks and passed balls,
shall not be included in said column. In scoring errors of batted balls
see Section 3 of this Rule.


SEC. 8. Stolen bases shall be scored as follows:

Any attempt to steal a base must go to the credit of the base runner,
whether the ball is thrown wild or muffed by the fielder, but any manifest
error is to be charged to the fielder making the same. If the base runner
advances another base he shall not be credited with a stolen base, and the
fielder allowing the advancement is also to be charged with an error. If a
base runner makes a start and a battery error is made, the runner secures
the credit of a stolen base, and the battery error is scored against the
player making it. Should a base runner overrun a base and then be put out,
he should receive the credit for the stolen base.


SEC. 9. An earned run shall be scored every time the player reaches the
home base unaided by errors before chances have been offered to retire the


RULE 69. The Summary shall contain:

SEC. 1. The number of earned runs made by each side.

SEC. 2. The number of two-base hits made by each player.

SEC. 3. The number of three-base hits made by each player.

SEC. 4. The number of home runs made by each player.

SEC. 5. The number of bases stolen by each player.

SEC. 6. The number of double and triple plays made by each side, with the
names of the players assisting in the same.

SEC. 7. The number of men given bases on called balls, by each Pitcher.

SEC. 8. The number of men given bases from being hit by pitched balls.

SEC. 9. The number of men struck out.

SEC. 10. The number of passed balls by each Catcher.

SEC. 11. The number of wild pitches by each Pitcher.

SEC. 12. The time of game.

SEC. 13. The name of the Umpire.


RULE 70. No Amendment or change of any of these National Playing Rules
shall be made, except by a joint committee on rules, consisting of three
members from the National League and three members from the American
Association. Such committee to be appointed at the annual meetings of each
of said bodies to serve one year from the twentieth day of December of
each year. Such committee shall have full power to act, provided that such
amendments shall be made only by an affirmative vote of the majority of
each delegation.

[Illustration: HENRY CHADWICK--"Father of Base Ball."]

Henry Chadwick, the veteran journalist, upon whom the honored sobriquet
of "Father of Base Ball" rests so happily and well, appears in
portraiture, and so well preserved in his physical manhood that his
sixty-three years rest lightly upon his well timed life. Since the age
of thirteen he has resided in Brooklyn, New York, and is an honored member
of the distinguished society of old Brooklynites. He entered upon the
journalistic career in which he has attained eminent distinction in 1856,
his first work finding a ready field on the New York _Times_. In 1857 he
associated himself with the New York _Clipper_, and was identified with
that journal steadily for thirty-one years. After twenty-nine years of
remarkable devotion to the interests of morning journalism in the
metropolis Mr. Chadwick retired in 1886 to accept an editorial position on
the _Outing Magazine_, which, together with his work on the Brooklyn
_Eagle_, keeps his ready pen busy. He is one of the most valued
contributors on _The Sporting Life_ staff, and his work in other journals
has made his name a household word as the "Father of Base Ball." He comes
from a famous family of English birth, his brother, Mr. Edwin Chadwick,
being the noted sanitary philosopher of England. Mr. Chadwick has edited
our League GUIDE since 1880.

A. G. SPALDING & BROS., Chicago and New York.