February 13, 2003

THE GAME. 29

RULE 22 SEC. I. Every Championship Game must be commenced not later than
two hours before sunset.

SEC. 2. A Game shall consist of nine innings to each contesting nine,
except that,

(a) If the side first at bat scores less runs in nine innings than the
other side has scored in eight innings, the game shall then terminate.

(b) If the side last at bat in the ninth inning scores the winning run
before the third man is out, the game shall terminate, upon the return of
the ball to the pitcher.

A TIE GAME.

RULE 23. If the score be a tie at the end of nine innings to each side,
play shall only be continued until the side first at bat shall have scored
one or more runs than the other side, in an equal number of innings, or
until the other side shall score one or more runs than the side first at
bat.

A DRAWN GAME.

RULE 24. A Drawn Game shall be declared by the Umpire when he terminates
a game on account of darkness or rain, after five equal innings have been
played, if the score at the time is equal on the last even innings played;
but if the side that went second to bat is then at the bat, and has scored
the same number of runs as the other side, the Umpire shall declare the
game drawn, without regard to the score of the last equal innings.

A CALLED GAME.

RULE 25 If the Umpire calls "Game" on account of darkness or rain at any
time after five innings have been completed by both sides, the score shall
be that of the last equal innings played, unless the side second at bat
shall have scored one or more runs than the side first at bat, in which
case the score of the game shall be the total number of runs made.

A FORFEITED GAME.

RULE 26. A Forfeited Game shall be declared by the Umpire in favor of the
club not in fault, at the request of such club, in the following cases:

SEC. 1. If the nine of a club fail to appear upon the field, or being
upon the field, fail to begin the game within five minutes after the
Umpire has called "Play," at the hour appointed for the beginning of the
game, unless such delay in appearing or in commencing the game be
unavoidable.

SEC. 2. If, after the game has begun, one side refuses or fails to
continue playing, unless such game has been suspended or terminated by the
Umpire

SEC. 3. If, after play has been suspended by the Umpire, one side fails
to resume playing within five minutes after the Umpire has called "Play."

SEC. 4. If, in the opinion of the Umpire, any one of these rules is
willfully violated.

SEC. 5. If, after ordering the removal of a player, as authorized by Rule
57, Sec. 5, said order is not obeyed within five minutes.

SEC. 6. In case the Umpire declares a game forfeited, he shall transmit a
written notice thereof to the President of the Association within twenty
four hours thereafter.

NO GAME.

RULE 27. "No Game" shall be declared by the Umpire if he shall terminate
play on account of rain or darkness, before five innings on each side are
completed.

SUBSTITUTES.

RULE 28. SEC. 1. In every championship game each team shall be required
to have present on the field, in uniform, at least one or more substitute
players.

SEC. 2. One player, whose name shall be printed on the score card as an
extra player, may be substituted at the end of any completed innings by
either club, but the player retired shall not thereafter participate in
the game In addition thereto a substitute may be allowed at any time in
place of a player disabled in the game then being played, by reason of
illness or injury, of the nature and extent of which the Umpire shall be
the sole judge.

SEC. 3. The Base Runner shall not have a substitute run for him, except
by consent of the Captains of the contesting teams.

CHOICE OF INNINGS--CONDITION OF GROUND.

RULE 29. The choice of innings shall be given to the Captain of the Home
Club, who shall also be the sole judge of the fitness of the ground for
beginning a game after rain.

THE DELIVERY OF THE BALL--FAIR AND UNFAIR BALLS.

RULE 30. A Fair Ball is a ball delivered by the Pitcher while standing
wholly within the lines of his position, and facing the batsman, the ball,
so delivered to pass over the home base, not lower than the batsman's
knee, nor higher than his shoulder.

RULE 31. An Unfair Ball is a ball delivered by the Pitcher, as in Rule
30, except that the ball does not pass over the Home Base, or does pass
over the Home Base above the batsman's shoulder, or below the knee.

BALKING.

RULE 32. A Balk is

SEC. 1. Any motion made by the Pitcher to deliver the ball to the bat
without delivering it, and shall be held to include any and every
accustomed motion with the hands, arms or feet, or position of the body
assumed by the Pitcher in his delivery of the ball, and any motion
calculated to deceive a base runner, except the ball be accidentally
dropped.

SEC. 2. The holding of the ball by the Pitcher so long as to delay the
game unnecessarily; or

SEC. 3. Any motion to deliver the ball, or the delivering the ball to the
bat by the Pitcher when any part of his person is upon ground outside of
the lines of his position, including all preliminary motions with the
hands, arms and feet.

DEAD BALLS.

RULE 33. A Dead Ball is a ball delivered to the bat by the Pitcher that
touches the Batsman's bat without being struck at, or any part of the
Batsman's person or clothing while standing in his position without being
struck at; or any part of the Umpire's person or clothing, while on foul
ground, without first passing the Catcher.

RULE 34. In case of a Foul Strike, Foul Hit ball not legally caught out,
Dead Ball, or Base Runner put out for being struck by a fair hit ball, the
ball shall not be considered in play until it is held by the Pitcher
standing in his position.

BLOCK BALLS.

RULE 35. SEC. 1. A Block is a batted or thrown ball that is stopped or
handled by any person not engaged in the game.

SEC. 2. Whenever a Block occurs the Umpire shall declare it, and Base
Runners may run the bases, without being put out, until the ball has been
returned to and held by the Pitcher standing in his position.

SEC. 3. In the case of a Block, if the person not engaged in the game
should retain possession of the ball, or throw or kick it beyond the reach
of the Fielders, the Umpire should call "Time," and require each base
runner to stop at the last base touched by him until the ball be returned
to the Pitcher standing in his position.

THE SCORING OF RUNS.

RULE 36. One Run shall be scored every time a Base Runner, after having
legally touched the first three bases, shall touch the Home Base before
three men are put out. If the third man is forced out, or is put out
before reaching First Base, a run shall not be scored.

THE BATTING RULES.

RULE 37. A Fair Hit is a ball batted by the batsman, standing in his
position, that first touches the ground, the First Base, the Third Base,
any part of the person of a player, Umpire, or any other object that is in
front of or on either of the Foul Lines, or batted directly to the ground
by the Batsman, standing in his position, that (whether it first touches
Foul or Fair Ground) bounds or rolls within the Foul Lines, between Home
and First, or Home and Third Bases, without interference by a player.

RULE 38. A Foul Hit is a ball batted by the Batsman, standing in his
position, that first touches the ground, any part of the person of a
player, or any other object that is behind either of the Foul Lines, or
that strikes the person of such Batsman, while standing in his position,
or batted directly to the ground by the Batsman, standing in his position,
that (whether it first touches Foul or Fair Ground) bounds or rolls
outside the Foul Lines, between Home and First or Home and Third Bases,
without interference by a player. Provided, that a Foul Hit not rising
above the Batsman's head and caught by the Catcher playing within ten feet
of the Home Base, shall be termed a Foul Tip.

BALLS BATTED OUTSIDE THE GROUNDS.

RULE 39. When a batted ball passes outside the grounds, the Umpire shall
decide it Fair should it disappear within, or Foul should it disappear
outside of the range of the Foul Lines, and Rules 37 and 38 are to be
construed accordingly.

RULE 40. A Fair batted ball that goes over the fence at a less distance
than two hundred and ten feet from Home Base shall entitle the Batsman to
two bases and a distinctive line shall be marked on the fence at this
point.

STRIKES.

RULE 41. A Strike is

SEC. 1. A ball struck at by the Batsman without its touching his bat; or

SEC. 2. A fair ball, legally delivered by the Pitcher, but not struck at
by the Batsman.

SEC. 3. Any obvious attempt to make a foul hit.

RULE 42. A foul strike is a ball batted by the Batsman when any part of
his person is upon ground outside the lines of the Batsman's position.

THE BATSMAN IS OUT.

RULE 43. The Batsman is out:

SEC. 1. If he fails to take his position at the bat in his order of
batting, unless the error be discovered and the proper Batsman takes his
position before a fair hit has been made, and in such case the balls and
strikes called must be counted in the time at bat of the proper Batsman:
_Provided_, this rule shall not take effect unless _the out_ is declared
before the ball is delivered to the succeeding Batsman.

SEC. 2. If he fails to take his position within one minute after the
Umpire has called for the Batsman.


SEC. 3. If he makes a foul hit, other than a foul tip as defined in Rule
38 and the ball be momentarily held by a Fielder before touching the
ground, provided it be not caught in a Fielder's hat or cap, or touch some
object other than a Fielder before being caught.

SEC. 4. If he makes a foul strike.

SEC. 5. If he attempts to hinder the Catcher from fielding the ball,
evidently without effort to make a fair hit.

SEC. 6. If, while the first base be occupied by a base runner, three
strikes be called on him by the Umpire, except when two men are already
out.

SEC. 7. If, while making the third strike, the ball hits his person or
clothing.

SEC. 8. If, after two strikes have been called, the Batsman obviously
attempts to make a foul hit, as in Section 3, Rule 41.

BASE RUNNING RULES.

WHEN THE BATSMAN BECOMES A BASE RUNNER.

RULE 44. The Batsman becomes a Base Runner:

SEC. 1. Instantly after he makes a fair hit.

SEC. 2. Instantly after four Balls have been called by the Umpire.

SEC. 3. Instantly after three strikes have been declared by the Umpire.

SEC. 4. If, while he be a Batsman, his person or clothing be hit by a
ball from the pitcher, unless--in the opinion of the Umpire--he
intentionally permits himself to be so hit.

SEC. 5. Instantly after an illegal delivery of a ball by the pitcher.

BASES TO BE TOUCHED.

RULE 45. The Base Runner must touch each Base in regular order, viz.:
First, Second, Third and Home Bases; and when obliged to return (except on
a foul hit) must retouch the base or bases in reverse order. He shall only
be considered as holding a base after touching it, and shall then be
entitled to hold such base until he has legally touched the next base in
order, or has been legally forced to vacate it for a succeeding Base
Runner.

ENTITLED TO BASES.

RULE 46. The Base Runner shall be entitled, without being put out, to
take one Base in the following cases:

SEC. 1. If, while he was Batsman, the Umpire called four Balls.

SEC. 2. If the Umpire awards a succeeding Batsman a base on four balls,
or for being hit with a pitched ball, or in case of an illegal delivery--
as in Rule 44, Sec. 5--and the Base Runner is thereby forced to vacate the
base held by him.

SEC. 3. If the Umpire calls a "balk."

SEC. 4. If a ball delivered by the Pitcher pass the Catcher and touch the
Umpire or any fence or building within ninety feet of the Home Base.

SEC. 5. If upon a fair hit the Ball strikes the person or clothing of the
Umpire on fair ground.

SEC. 6. If he be prevented from making a base by the obstruction of an
adversary.

SEC. 7. If the Fielder stop or catch a batted ball with his hat or any
part of his dress.

RETURNING TO BASES.

RULE 47. The Base Runner shall return to his Base, and shall be entitled
to so return without being put out.

SEC. 1. If the Umpire declares a Foul Tip (as defined in Rule 38) or any
other Foul Hit not legally caught by a Fielder.

SEC. 2. If the Umpire declares a Foul Strike.

SEC. 3. If the Umpire declares a Dead Ball, unless it be also the fourth
Unfair Ball, and he be thereby forced to take the next base, as provided
in Rule 46, Sec. 2.

SEC. 4. If the person or clothing of the Umpire is struck by a ball
thrown by the Catcher to intercept a Base Runner.